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A Passengers Perspective

“If not for the SS St. Louis, there would never have been a Warsaw Ghetto,” noted SS St. Louis surviving passenger Col. Phil Freund, U.S. Army (Retired) when he visited the Warsaw Ghetto this summer with his family.

When my family (wife, son Mark with his wife and their son (our grandson}, our daughter her husband (three grandsons) and I toured the Warsaw Ghetto this summer, I made this comment outside of the orphanage.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s comment to his Secretary of State, Cordell Hull, at that time was “I don’t want them in the Western Hemisphere. They have to leave.”

The Canadian Minister of Immigration at the time commented that “None is one too many”, as was reported in the local Canadian papers.

My personal opinion is that when the Nazis heard those comments and saw that we were denied disembarking, it became obvious that no country was willing to absorb 917 German Jews. Therefore, if no one cared they could proceed to do as they wished with European Jewry as Hitler’s outlined plans for us Jews in his “Mein Kampf”.